Know Your Skin Type

Skin Types

Why is the appearance of the skin is so important?
The skin is the largest organ of the human body and has many functions such as regulation of body temperatures, sensing painful stimuli, and preserving water and electrolyte balances. It acts as a shield and protects the toxic substances from being permeated into the body. 
Being the outermost tissue it shields the body from the harmful effects of UV radiation emitted by the sun. The color and texture of the skin mark the individuals within a society.
The skin has been studied labouriously in the field of medicine. Computer vision and most of all cosmology. Cosmology focuses on the appearance of the skin any negative changes in the appearance of the skin can have a drastic effect on individual mental health causing low morale and pessimistic routines.
Keep this in mind P-Esthetico Skin Hair Clinic focuses on improving lives through cosmetic surgery and skincare counseling.

What are skin types dependent on?

Skin types are dependent on several factors:

1. Oily:- Lipiels keep your skin smooth and nutrition
2. Water:- The water control in your skin affects its elasticity and comfort
3. Sensitivity Levels:- Sensitivity of the skin affects its tolerance to substances.

What are my Skin Types?

Knowing your skin type can help you develop better skincare regimes and select suitable products for managing your skin.

Normal Skin

1. As Good Balance of Lipids and Water
2. Low Sensitivity Levels
3. A Good Complexion
4. Very Few Imperfections
5. No Visible Pores

Oily Skin

1. Shiny and Thick Complexion
2. Large Pores
3. Visible Spots and Blackheads
4. Affected by Changes in Weather
5. Wormsened Wish Stress, Anxiety, Puberty, Hormonal Imbalance, Antibodies and Exposure of Heat.

Dry Skin

1. No Visible Pores
2. Rough Complexion
3. Reduced Elasticity
4. Visible Lines
5. Worsened by Genetics, Long Baghs, Indoor Heating systems, Weather, and Medications.

Combination Skin

1. Ditaled Pores
2. Shiny Skin
3. Blackheads
4. T-20s is the Most Affected Area 
5. Caused Due to Genetics and Hormonal Factors

Sensitive Skin

1. Evident Redness
2. Burning, Dryness, and Pitchy Skin
3. Resocea Pimples and Broken Blood Vessels Commonly Affect Sensitive Skin

Know Your Skin

There are several descriptives that we could use to relate to the human organs such as - The heart is hardworking organs, the lungs are athletic organs and the brain is an intelligent organ. But the skin, besides being the largest organ, is also the best-dressed organ of our body! At the same time, the skin is also neglected and underappreciated.

How Well Do We Know Our Skin?

Skin Facts

  1. The skin is the largest visible functional organ of the body and the first line of physical defense.
  2. If an average adult's skin were to be spread out, it would spread to about 22 square feet and would weigh about 4 km.
  3. The skin functionally regulates your body's temperature by dilating and contracting its blood vessels against outside temperature to keep it at 98.6 degrees Fahrenheit.
  4. 85% of humans develop acne and warts at 1 point or the other and is deemed as the most common dermatological complaint.
  5. Warts are caused by the human papillomavirus which causes skin cells to rapidly multiply.

Skin Anatomy

The skin is made up of three layers.

1. The Hypodermis:- The is the deep and innermost layer of the skin, the subcutaneous tissue which is made up of fibroblasts, connective tissue, and adipose cells. The hypodermis acts as the energy reserve and the fats in this layer are re-circulated during extreme effort.

2. The Dermis:- The layer of the dermis is just below the topmost layer of the epidermis. It houses hair follicles, lymph vessels. Blood vessel and sweat-producing glands that help maintain the skin's elasticity.

3. The Epidermis:- The epidermis is the outermost layer acting as a barrier against the outside forces. It is made up of flat squamous cells, melanocytes, and basal. Melanocytes in the epidermis produce melanin and are responsible for the tone and color of the skin.
It is extremely important to maintain healthy skin. A healthy skin immediately reflects a healthy lifestyle.


What is Acne?
Acne is medically known as acne vulgaris. It is usually harmless and treatable tiny, pores connect to the oil glands situated just under the skin. Small canal or follicles are connected to the glands through their pores. Sebum is an oily liquid separated by glands that carry the dead skin cell to the outer surface of the skin. When the follicles get blocked oil accumulates under the skin pimples in the skin which are called acne. Good and Bad Strains of bacteria determine the rate of persistence and severity of acne.


Whiteheads:- Whiteheads are closed comedones occurring under the skin and are very small.

Pustules:- Pustules are small, red in color with yellow or white pus centers. They are clearly visible at the surface of the skin.

Blackheads:- The follicle of the skin comes unplugged due to vigorous scrubbing and appears on the surface of the skin.

Papules:- Papules are pink in color and are cone-shaped, visible on the surface of the skin. Nodules and cysts are filled with pus and soft lesions and are also lodged deep into the skin.

Back Acne:- Back acne or bacne are out broken that first appear in puberty on the back which has a large area of skin and a lot of oil secretion.

Acne Conglobata:- Acne conglobata is the rate and can affect and part of the body. It is considered a fusion of acne pustules and nodules. It is a result of the sudden eruption of a demant acne.

What Are Its Causes

Hormonal imbalance sebaceous glands are enlarged and overstimulated due to androgens which cause acne.

Follicle Shed:- As a normal process dead skin cells are expelled to the skin's surface through the follicle. When there are overstimulated sebaceous glands, shedding of cells is quicker, plugging the follicle. This Plugging incites the growth of bacteria which is results in acne formation.

Over secretion of sebum over stimulation of sebaceous glands by the androgens cause extra production of sebum causing clogging of the follicles. This combined with skin bacteria from acne. Inflammation chemotaxis white blood cells attack unwanted bacteria causing swollen and painful pimples. This process of elimination invites an inflammatory response or chemotaxis.


Medications oral antibiotics and contraceptives are commonly prescribed to treat moderate to severe acne. Oral antibiotic lowers the concentration of P acne or propionibacteria acne found in the skin which rapidly multiplies within the blocked follicles. Oral contraceptives help in the suppression of overactive glands but Tenel of causes side effects in women with clotting disorders, smokers, women with a history of migraines, and women above 35 years of age.

What is the Downtime of this Treatment

  1. Usually, there is no downtime.
  2. There may be mild redness or swelling in some patients which subsided within 24-48 hrs.
  3. There may be mild exfoliation & dryness of the skin which is easily managed by using a moisturizer.

What are the precautions after getting Carbon Laser Facial Done?

  1. Use sunscreen 3-4 times/day as prescribed by our dermatologist.
  2. Use moisturizers as & when required. 
  3. Avoid salon treatments like bleaching, waxing, or threading for a week.
  4. Avoid heavy make-up for 3 days.

What is the Mechanism of action?
How safe is the treatment?

Laser Caron facial treatment is a very safe and effective treatment. It has almost no downtime and gives almost instant results and not to worry about the side effects too. Sometimes it can lead to minimal redness can also cause temporary hyperpigmentation in the skin.

Carbon Laser Facial
What is Carbon Laser Facial?

Carbon Laser Facial is done using a 1064 mm switched ND Yag laser machine. A thin layer of medical-grade carbon paste is applied over the skin and left for 15 minutes. This carbon paste penetrates the pores and absorbs dead skin cells oil and dirt from the surface as well as deep within the pores. The g switched ND YAG laser is used to blast away the carbon, Thus removing the skin impurities and the heat generated during the procedure stimulates new collagen synthesis, Thus fighting the pores and making the skin firmer. It also kills the decreasing sebum production.

What are the Indications?

  1. Acne, Blackheads, and clogged pores.
  2. Oily skin and open pores.
  3. Fine Lines
  4. Dull and Lusterless Skin
  5. Freckles and uneven skin tone.

Who can get this treatment done?

  1. Teenagers and young adults with acne and oily skin.
  2. Older adults with dullness and open pores.

How many sessions are required?

5-6 sessions with a gap of 3 weeks give a good result. Later on, you can get the treatment done. Once in 2-3 months for maintenance.

What is downtime for this treatment?

  1. Usually, there is no downtime.
  2. There may be mild redness or swelling in some patients which subsided within 48 hrs.
  3. There may be mild exfoliation & dryness of the skin which is easily managed by using a moisturizer.


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